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Interlingua/Particelle grammaticali

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Particelle grammaticali[modifica]


a: a

ab: {prep} da

alias: altrimenti, in un'altra maniera;

alias: un'altra volta

alibi: altrove

ali(c)-: qualche

alicubi: in qualche luogo, dovunque

alicun: some, any; a few;

 alicun cosa: something, anything

alicuno: someone, somebody; anyone, anybody

aliquando: sometime; at any time

aliquanto: somewhat, to some degree

alique: pron something, anything;

 adv somewhat

alora: then; in that case, consequently

alto: top;

 in alto: up; upwards; upstairs; on top

ambe: adj both;

 ambes: pron both

an: part interr –;

 an ille ha le libro?: has he the book?;

 conj whether

ancora: adv still, yet;

 interj encore

anque: also, too;

 anque io: me too;

 non solo ... ma anque: not only ... but also

ante: prep before, in front of; earlier than; above;

 adv before, ahead, earlier, forward;

 ante que: before

ante-heri: day before yesterday

a pena: hardly, scarcely

apud: near, with, at, by

assatis: adv enough; rather, fairly, quite

assi: thus, so;

 assi ... como: as ... as

avante: before, in front, ahead; forward


basso: bottom;

 a basso: down, downward;

 in basso: down, below, downward; downstairs

bastante: adj enough, sufficient;

 adv enough, sufficiently

ben que: although

bis: twice; encore

cata: adj each;

 cata uno: each (one)

causa: cause;

 a causa de: because of

certo: certainly

circa: around, about; approximately

como: how; as, like;

 como si: as though, as if

comocunque: however, in whatever way

con: with, together with; by means of

concernente: concerning

contra: prep opposite, facing; against;

 adv opposite, facing; on the contrary

cuje: whose

-cunque: -ever

de: from, since; of, belonging to; made of;

 with, by means of;

 de (+ inf): to

deman: tomorrow;

 deman matino: tomorrow morning;

 deman vespere: tomorrow night

depost: adv afterwards, later;

 prep after, since;

 depost que: since, from the time that

desde: prep since, from

dum: while, as long as; until;

 provided that, if only

dunque: therefore

durante: during;

 durante que: while, whilst

e: and;

 e ... e: both ... and

ecce: lo!, see!, behold!; here is, here are

ergo: therefore, accordingly, consequently,

 then, ergo

esque: part interr –;

 esque ille ha le libro?: has he the book?

et cetera, etc.: and so forth, and so on,

 et cetera, etc.

etiam: also, likewise, too; even, even yet, yet;

 non solmente ... sed etiam: not only ... but also

ex: out of, from

excepte: except, excepting

extra: adv without, on the outside;

 besides, in addition, extra;

 prep outside of, without, beyond;

 except, excepting; besides, in addition to

foras: adv out of doors, outside, out;

 from without;

 prep beyond, except;

 foras de: outside of, without;

 foras de se: beside oneself

forsan: perhaps, maybe

gratis: gratis, free of charge

haber: to have;

 il ha: there is, there are

heri: yesterday

hic: here;

 de hic a (un hora): (an hour) from now;

 usque (a) hic: up to here, thus far;

 up to now, hitherto;

 hic juncte: herewith

hodie: today


ibi: there

ibidem: in the same place; ibidem; ibid., ib.

idem: the same (thing); idem; id.

igitur: adv/conj then, therefore, thereupon

il: impers pron it

illa: she, her

illac: there

ille: he, it; him; that, the former

illes: they; them

illo: it

in: in, into

infra: adv below, underneath, beneath;

 prep below, under, beneath

insimul: together

inter: between, among

interim: meanwhile, in the meantime

intertanto: meanwhile, in the meantime

intra: adv/prep within

intro: inwardly, internally, on the inside, in

io: I

ipse: myself, yourself, himself, etc.;

 hodie ipse: this very day

iste: this, the latter

ita: così; proprio così, sì;

 e così, di conseguenza; pertanto, in conformitò, perciò

jam: already, at once, right away;

 just now, a moment ago; indeed, surely;

 non ... jam: no longer

jammais: ever, at any time;

 non ... jammais: never;

 jammais!: never!

justo: just, exactly;

 justo nunc, justo ora: just now, right now

juxta: adv near, near by;

 prep near, near to, next to

la: her

le: art the

le: pron him

les: them

lo: it;

 lo que: that which, what

loco: place;

 in loco de: instead of;

 in su loco: instead

longe: far; away, far away;

 de longe: from afar, from a distance

lontan: distant, far-off

lor: their

lore: their

ma: but;

 non solo ... ma anque; not only ... but also

malgrado: in spite of

maniera: manner, way;

 de maniera que: so that

me: me

melio: adv better;

 tanto melio: so much the better

melior: adj better;

 le melior: the best

mesme: same; myself, yourself, himself,

 etc. (as in "the king himself")

mesmo: likewise; even;

 hodie mesmo: this very day;

 ora mesmo: right now

mi: my

mie: mine

minus: less; minus;

 a minus que: unless;

 al minus: at least;

 totos minus ille: all but him;

 le minus: the least

multo: very; much

nam: for

nemo: no one, nobody

ni: neither, nor, also not

nihil, nil: nothing

nimie: adj too much, too many

nimis: adv too, too much

no: adj no

non: not; no;

 si non: if not; except, unless it be

nondum: not yet

nonne: part interr is it not?;

 il es ver, nonne?: it is true, isn't it?

nonobstante: prep despite, in spite of;

 adv nevertheless

nos: us, we

nostre: our, ours

nulle: adj not any, no;

 null, worthless, without legal force

nullemente: in no way, not at all

nunc: now

nunquam: never

nusquam: nowhere

o: or;

 o ... o: either ... or

olim: once, formerly;

 at a future time, sometime (in the future)

omne: adj all; each, every;

 de omne mano: from every hand;

 de omne latere: from every side;

 in omne caso: in any case;

 omne cosa: everything;

 omnes: pron all

on: one

ora: now

parte: part;

 a parte: apart, aside;

 in parte: in part;

 del parte de: on the part of;

 de parte a parte: through and through;

 in nulle parte: nowhere

passato: ago

pauc: adj little, not much; few;

 un pauc (de): a little;

 pauc a pauc: little by little;

 in pauc: shortly, before long

pauco: adv little

per: through; during, throughout;

 by, through, by means of; per

perque: adv/conj why; because

plus: more; plus;

 le plus: the most;

 de plus: furthermore, besides;

 de plus in plus: more and more;

 in plus: furthermore, in addition, also;

 al plus: at best;

 plus o minus: more or less;

 non ... plus: no more, no longer

pois: adv afterwards, thereafter;

 conj for;

 pois que: since, as, because

post: adv behind, back, backwards;

 afterwards, after;

 prep behind; after;

 post que: since, because

postea: afterwards, thereafter

postquam: conj after; as soon as

potius: rather; sooner

presso: adv/prep near, close;

 a presso de: at the home of; in care of;

 with, among

presto: presto, quickly, quick as a wink

preter: adj past, beyond;

 prep past, along, alongside of; beyond;

 except, excepting; in addition to

pridem: long ago

pro: for, in favor of; in exchange for, in place of;

 pro (+ inf): (in order) to

proque: adv/conj why; because

qual: which; what;

 le qual: which; that; who

qualcunque: any, whatever

quando: adv/conj when

quandocunque: whenever

quante: adj how much, how many

quanto: adv as much as; as far as;

 quanto ... tanto: the ... the;

 quanto a: as for

quare: wherefore, why

quasi: almost, nearly;

 in a certain sense, in a way;

 quasi que: as if

que: pron interr what;

 pron rel who, whom, which, that

qui: who, whom;

 de qui: whose

quicunque: whoever, whomever, whosoever

quia: because, for

quo: adv whither, where; wherefore;

 conj so that, in order that

re: about, concerning

retro: back, backwards; ago;

 a retro: backwards

salvo: save, but, but for;

 salvo que: save that, but that

satis: enough; rather, somewhat;

 esser satis: to be enough;

 haber satis: to have enough;

 satis de (tempore, etc.): enough (time, etc.)

se: pron refl himself; herself; itself; themselves

secundo: prep (following) after; along, by;

 according to;

 secundo que: according as

sed: but

semper: always

si: adv thus, so; yes;

 si ... como: as ... as

si: conj if; whether;

 si non: if not; except, unless it be

sia: be, may be, let there be;

 sia ... sia: be (it) ... or be (it); whether ... or;

 qual que sia: whatever, whatsoever

sin: prep without

sol: adj sole, alone, only;

 viver sol: to live alone;

 sentir se sol: to feel lonesome, lonely

solo: adv only, merely;

 non solo ... ma anque: not only ... but also

su: his, her, its

sub: prep under, below, beneath

subinde: immediately after, just after, forthwith;

 repeatedly, frequently, often, from time to time

subito: suddenly, unexpectedly

subtus: adv below, beneath, underneath

sue: his, hers, its

super: prep on, upon; on top of; over, above;

 about, concerning, on;

 adv above, on top;

 super toto: above all

supra: prep above, over;

 adv on the top, above

sur: on, upon; on top of

tal: such, such a;

 tal e tal: such and such;

talmente: adv so;

 un libro talmente belle: so beautiful a book,

 such a beautiful book

tamen: yet, however, nevertheless,

 not withstanding

tante: adj so much, so many;

 tante per cento: so much per hundred,


 tante ... como: as much, as many ... as

tanto: adv so, so much;

 tanto ... como: as much ... as;

 in tanto que: in as much as;

 tanto plus ... que: all the more ... that;

 quanto ... tanto: the ... the

tarde: adj late;

 plus tarde: later; later on;

 al plus tarde: at the latest

te: you, thee; yourself, thyself

tosto: presently, soon, promptly;

 plus tosto: rather, sooner;

 si tosto que: as soon as

tote: adj all; every, each;

 tote le (homines): all (men);

 totos: all, everyone;

 de tote (le) corde: wholeheartedly;

 tote (le) duo: both

totevia: yet, still, nevertheless

toto: subst all, everything;

 le toto: the whole;

 super toto: above all;

 ante toto: before all;

 post toto: after all;

 del toto: at all;

 in toto: entirely, wholly, in toto

toto: adv all, quite, wholly

trans: across, over, beyond, on the farther side of

troppo: too, too much;

 troppo (de) (libros, etc.): too many (books, etc.);

 troppo (de) (aqua, etc.): too much (water, etc.);

 de troppo: superfluous, in the way, de trop

tu: your, thy

tue: yours, thine

tunc: then


ubi: adv where;

 conj where; when; as soon as; wherewith; in which;

 a ubi: where, whither;

 de ubi: from where, whence

ubicunque: wherever

ubique: everywhere;

 anywhere, wheresoever, wherever

ultra: adv on the other side, beyond, farther;

 prep on the farther side of; beyond, past; besides;

 ultra illo: besides, moreover;

 ultra que: aside from the fact that

un: a, an;

 le un le altere: one another, each other;

 le unes le alteres: one another, each other

uno: pron indef one

unquam: ever, at any time

usquam: somewhere

usque: prep (all the way) to, up to; till, until;

 usque nunc: up to now

ut: come, in modo che, al fine che, proprio come;

verso: towards, to

via: adv away; off;

 via!: go away!, begone!;

 prep by way of, via

vice: turn, stead; time (as in "three times");

 alicun vices: sometimes;

 un vice: once; on one occasion; formerly;

 un vice que: once, once that;

 in vice de: instead of;

 a vices: at times;

 altere vice: a second time;

 plure vices: several times, repeatedly

viste: considering;

 viste que: considering that

voluntarie: willingly, readily, gladly, with pleasure

vos: you; yourself, yourselves

vostre: your, yours

ya: adv indeed, certainly, of course;

 ya (io lo crede): (I) do (believe it)